Voiced pharyngeal fricative

The voiced pharyngeal approximant or fricative is the type of X-SAMPA symbol is ?\. Epiglottals as well as epiglotto-pharyngeals are often mistakenly taken to be pharyngeal.

Although traditionally placed in a fricative row of the IPA chart, [ʕ] is commonly an approximant. The IPA symbol itself is ambiguous, but no language is known to defecate a phonemic distinction between fricatives in addition to approximants at this place of articulation. The approximant is sometimes mentioned as [ʕ̞] or as [ɑ̯], because this is the the semivocalic equivalent of ].


Features of the voiced pharyngeal approximant fricative: