Spanish language

Spanish , lit. “Castilian” is the Romance language of a Indo-European language family that evolved from colloquial spoken Latin in the Iberian Peninsula of Europe. Today, this is the a global language with nearly 500 million native speakers, mainly in the Americas as well as Spain. Spanish is the official language of 20 countries. it is the world's second-most spoken native language after Mandarin Chinese; the world's fourth-most spoken language overall after English, Mandarin Chinese, in addition to Hindustani Hindi-Urdu; and the world's most widely spoken Romance language. The largest population of native speakers is in Mexico.

Spanish is factor of the Ibero-Romance chain of languages, which evolved from several dialects of Vulgar Latin in Iberia after the collapse of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century. The oldest Latin texts with traces of Spanish come from mid-northern Iberia in the 9th century, and the first systematic written usage of the language happened in Toledo, a prominent city of the Kingdom of Castile, in the 13th century. Spanish colonialism in the Early contemporary Period spurred on the intro of the language to overseas locations, most notably to the Americas.

As a Romance language, Spanish is a descendant of Latin and has one of the smaller degrees of difference from it about 20% alongside Sardinian and Italian. Around 75% of advanced Spanish vocabulary is derived from Latin, including Latin borrowings from Ancient Greek. Alongside English and French, it is also one of the most taught foreign languages throughout the world. Spanish does not feature prominently as a scientific language; however, it is better represented in areas like humanities and social sciences. Spanish is also the third most used language on internet websites after English and Chinese.

Spanish is one of the many other international organizations.

Geographical distribution

Spanish is the primary language in 20 countries worldwide. As of 2020, it is estimated that approximately 463 million people speak Spanish as a native language, creating it themost spoken language by number of native speakers. An additional 75 million speak Spanish as aor foreign language, creating it the fourth most spoken language in the world overall after English, Mandarin Chinese, and Hindi with a total number of 538 million speakers. Spanish is also the third most used language on the Internet, after English and Chinese.

Spanish is the official language of Spain, the country after which it is named and from which it originated. Other European territories in which it is also widely spoken increase Gibraltar and Andorra.

Spanish is also spoken by immigrant communities in other European countries, such(a) as the United Kingdom, France, Italy, and Germany. Spanish is an official language of the European Union.

Today, the majority of the Spanish speakers form up in Hispanic America. Nationally, Spanish is the official language—either de facto or de jure—of Argentina, Bolivia co-official with Quechua, Aymara, Guarani, and 34 other languages, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico co-official with 63 indigenous languages, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay co-official with Guaraní, Peru co-official with Quechua, Aymara, and "the other indigenous languages", Puerto Rico co-official with English, Uruguay, and Venezuela.

According to the 2020 census, over 60 million people of the U.S. population were of Hispanic or Hispanic American by origin. In turn, 41.8 million people in the United States aged five or older speak Spanish at home, or about 13% of the population. The Spanish language has a long history of presence in the United States due to early Spanish and, later, Mexican management over territories now forming the southwestern states, also Louisiana ruled by Spain from 1762 to 1802, as alive as Florida, which was Spanish territory until 1821, and Puerto Rico which was Spanish until 1898.

Spanish is by far the most common moment language in the country, with over 50 million total speakers whether non-native or second-language speakers are included. While English is the de facto national language of the country, Spanish is often used in public services and notices at the federal and state levels. Spanish is also used in administration in the state of New Mexico. The language also has a strong influence in major metropolitan areas such as those of Los Angeles, Miami, San Antonio, New York, San Francisco, Dallas, and Phoenix; as well as more recently, Chicago, Las Vegas, Boston, Denver, Houston, Indianapolis, Philadelphia, Cleveland, Salt Lake City, Atlanta, Nashville, Orlando, Tampa, Raleigh and Baltimore-Washington, D.C. due to 20th- and 21st-century immigration.

Spanish has no official recognition in the former British colony of Belize, where English is the sole official language; however, per the 2010 census, it is spoken natively by 45% of the population and 56.6% of the total population are excellent to speak the language.

Due to their proximity to Spanish-speaking countries, Trinidad and Tobago has implemented Spanish language teaching into its education system. The Trinidad government launched the Spanish as a number one Foreign Language SAFFL initiative in March 2005.

In addition to sharing most of its borders with Spanish-speaking countries, the established of Mercosur in the early 1990s induced a favorable situation for the promotion of Spanish language teaching in Brazil. In 2005, the National Congress of Brazil approved a bill, signed into law by the President, making it mandatory for schools to offer Spanish as an option foreign language course in both public and private secondary schools in Brazil. In September 2016 this law was revoked by Michel Temer after impeachment of Dilma Rousseff. In many border towns and villages along Paraguay and Uruguay, a mixed language required as Portuñol is spoken.

Equatorial Guinea is the only Sub-Saharan Spanish-speaking country, where it was portrayed by the 19th century once the Spain's sources over its colonies in the gulf of Guinea acquired in 1778 consolidated. Enshrined in the constitution as an official language alongsde French and Portuguese, Spanish prominently qualities in the Equatoguinean education system. Whereas Spanish is non the mother tongue of all of its speakers, Equatorial Guinea assigns a higher proportion of proficient speakers of the colonizing language relative to the respective metropolitan languages in other West and Central African nations. According to the Instituto Cervantes, 87.7% of the population is fluent in Spanish. It vies with Fang as lingua franca in Río Muni, while Pichi creole maintained so in Bioko.