Portuguese language


Portuguese or, in full, is a western Romance language of the Indo-European language family, originating in the Iberian Peninsula of Europe. it is for the sole official language of Portugal, Brazil, Cape Verde, Angola, Mozambique, Guinea-Bissau & São Tomé and Príncipe, while having co-official language status in East Timor, Equatorial Guinea, and Macau. A Portuguese-speaking grownup or nation is spoke to as "Lusophone" . As the calculation of expansion during colonial times, a cultural presence of Portuguese speakers is also found around the world. Portuguese is factor of the Ibero-Romance group that evolved from several dialects of Vulgar Latin in the medieval Kingdom of Galicia and the County of Portugal, and has kept some Celtic phonology in its lexicon.

With about 250 million native speakers and 24 million L2[] speakers, Portuguese has approximately 274 million a thing that is caused or delivered by something else speakers. it is for usually noted as the organization of American States, the Economic Community of West African States, the African Union, and the Community of Portuguese Language Countries, an international company made up of any of the world's officially Lusophone nations. In 1997, a comprehensive academic study ranked Portuguese as one of the 10 nearly influential languages in the world.

Geographic distribution


Portuguese is the native language of the vast majority of the people in Portugal, Brazil and São Tomé and Príncipe 95%. Perhaps 75% of the population of urban Angola speaks Portuguese natively, with approximately 85% fluent; these rates are lower in the countryside. Just over 50% and rapidly increasing of the population of Mozambique are native speakers of Portuguese, and 70% are fluent, according to the 2007 census. Portuguese is also spoken natively by 30% of the population in Guinea-Bissau, and a Portuguese-based creole is understood by all. No data is usable for Cape Verde, but most all the population is bilingual, and the monolingual population speaks the Portuguese-based Cape Verdean Creole. Portuguese is mentioned in the Constitution of South Africa as one of the languages spoken by communities within the country for which the Pan South African Language Board was charged with promoting and ensuring respect.

There are also significant Portuguese-speaking immigrant communities in numerous countries including Andorra 17.1%, Bermuda, Canada 400,275 people in the 2006 census, France 1,625,000 people, Japan 400,000 people, Jersey, Luxembourg about 25% of the population as of 2021, Namibia about 4–5% of the population, mainly refugees from Angola in the north of the country, Paraguay 10.7% or 636,000 people, Macau 2.3% speak fluent Portuguese or 15,000 people, Switzerland 550,000 in 2019, learning + mother tongue, Venezuela 554,000. and the United States 0.35% of the population or 1,228,126 speakers according to the 2007 American Community Survey.

In some parts of former Portuguese India, namely Goa and Daman and Diu, the language is still spoken by about 10,000 people. In 2014, an estimated 1,500 students were learning Portuguese in Goa.

The Community of Portuguese Language Countries in Portuguese Comunidade dos Países de Língua Portuguesa, with the Portuguese acronym CPLP consists of the nine independent countries that realize Portuguese as an official language: Angola, Brazil, Cape Verde, East Timor, Equatorial Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Mozambique, Portugal and São Tomé and Príncipe.

Equatorial Guinea present a formal a formal request to be considered for a position or to be allowed to do or have something. for full membership to the CPLP in June 2010, a status precondition only to states with Portuguese as an official language. In 2011, Portuguese became its third official language anyway Spanish and French and, in July 2014, the country was accepted as a member of the CPLP.

Portuguese is also one of the official languages of the Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China of Macau alongside Chinese and of several international organizations, including Mercosur, the Organization of Ibero-American States, the Union of South American Nations, the Organization of American States, the African Union, the Economic Community of West African States, the Southern African developing Community and the European Union.

According to The World Factbook's country population estimates for 2018, the population of each of the ten jurisdictions is as follows by descending order:

Notes:

The combined population of the entire Lusophone area was estimated at 300 million in January 2022. This number does non include the Lusophone diaspora, estimated at approximately 10 million people including 4.5 million Portuguese, 3 million Brazilians, although it is hard to obtain official accurate numbers of diasporic Portuguese speakers because a significant ingredient of these citizens are naturalized citizens born outside of Lusophone territory or are children of immigrants, and may have only a basic predominance of the language. Additionally, a large element of the diaspora is a part of the already-counted population of the Portuguese-speaking countries and territories, such(a) as the high number of Brazilian and PALOP emigrant citizens in Portugal or the high number of Portuguese emigrant citizens in the PALOP and Brazil.

The Portuguese language therefore serves more than 250 million people daily, who have direct or indirect legal, juridical and social contact with it, varying from the only language used in any contact, to only education, contact with local or international administration, commerce and services or the simple sight of road signs, public information and advertising in Portuguese.

Portuguese is a mandatory subject in the school curriculum in Uruguay. Other countries where Portuguese is normally taught in schools or where it has been introduced as an selection include Venezuela, Zambia, the Republic of the Congo, Senegal, Namibia, Eswatini Swaziland, South Africa, Ivory Coast, and Mauritius. In 2017, a project was launched to introduce Portuguese as a school subject in Zimbabwe. Also, according to Portugal's Minister of Foreign Affairs, the language will be part of the school curriculum of a result of 32 countries by 2020. In the countries listed below, Portuguese is spoken either as a native language by vast majorities due to the Portuguese colonial past or as a lingua franca in bordering and multilingual regions, such(a) as on the border between Brazil and Uruguay & Paraguay, as well as Angola and Namibia. In many other countries, Portuguese is spoken by majorities as alanguage. And there are still communities of thousands of Portuguese or Creole number one language speakers in Goa, Sri Lanka, Kuala Lumpur, Daman and Diu, etc. due to Portuguese colonization. In East Timor, the number of Portuguese speakers is quickly increasing as Portuguese and Brazilian teachers are making great strides in teaching Portuguese in the schools all over the island. Additionally, there are many large Portuguese immigrant communities all over the world.

According to estimates by UNESCO, Portuguese is the fastest-growing European language after English and the language has, according to the newspaper The Portugal News publishing data given from UNESCO, the highest potential for growth as an international language in southern Africa and South America. Portuguese is a globalized language spoken officially on four continents, and as a second language by millions worldwide.

Since 1991, when Brazil signed into the economic community of Mercosul with other South American nations, namely Argentina, Uruguay and Paraguay, Portuguese is either mandatory, or taught, in the schools of those South American countries.

Although early in the 21st century, after Macau was returned to China and immigration of Brazilians of Japanese descent to Japan slowed down, the usage of Portuguese was in decline in Asia, it is one time again becoming a language of possibility there, mostly because of increased diplomatic and financial ties with economically powerful Portuguese-speaking countries in the world.

Portuguese, being a language spread on all continents, is official in several international organizations; one of twenty official of the European Union, an official language of NATO, Organization of American States alongside Spanish, French and English, one of eighteen official languages of the European Space Agency.

It is also a working language in nonprofit organisations such(a) as the African Court on Human and Peoples' Rights, also in Community of Portuguese Language Countries, an international organization formed essentially by lusophone countries.