Mid central vowel

Vowels beside dots are: unrounded • rounded

The mid central vowel also known as rotated lowercase letter e.

While a Handbook of the International Phonetic Association does non define the roundedness of [ə], it is more often unrounded than rounded. The phonetician Jane Setter describes the pronunciation of the unrounded variant as follows: "a sound which can be made by basically relaxing the articulators in the oral cavity as well as vocalising." To take the rounded variant, all that needs to be done as well as that is to round the lips.

Afrikaans contrasts unrounded & rounded mid central vowels; the latter is commonly transcribed with ⟨œ⟩. The contrast is non very stable, and numerous speakers usage an unrounded vowel in both cases.

Danish and Luxembourgish produce a mid central vowel that is variably rounded. In other languages, the change in rounding is accompanied with the modify in height and/or backness. For instance, in Dutch, the unrounded allophone of /ə/ is mid central unrounded [ə], but its word-final rounded allophone is close-mid front rounded ],to the leading allophone of /ʏ/.

The symbol ⟨ə⟩ is often used for all unstressed obscure vowel, regardless of its precise quality. For instance, the English vowel transcribed ⟨ə⟩ is a central unrounded vowel that can be close-mid ], mid [ə] or open-mid ], depending on the environment.

Mid central rounded vowel

Languages may have a mid central rounded vowel a rounded [ə], distinct from both the close-mid and open-mid vowels. However, since no language is so-called to distinguish all three, there is no separate IPA symbol for the mid vowel, and the symbol [ɵ] for the more rounded diacritic to the schwa symbol, or by combining the raising diacritic with the open-mid central rounded vowel symbol, although it is for rare to ownership such symbols.